Since WordPress 5.9, there is the new function wp_enqueue_block_style to enqueue block styles only if necessary, which means only if the associated block is rendered on the current page. While this is a huge benefit, there is no support for scripts. So if your block requires certain JavaScript only for the frontend, there’s no ready-to-use function within WordPress.

Fortunately, WordPress 5.9 also added the attribute view_script to the register_block_type function, which allows to set a script handle, that is only enqueued if the associated block is rendered on the current page. With WordPress 6.1, this attribute has been deprecated in favor of the new view_script_handles, which allows defining multiple script handles to add. So for compatibility reasons, we can use both variants for now:

		// since WP 5.9
		'view_script' => 'my-block-script',
		// since WP 6.1
		'view_script_handles' => [
Code language: PHP (php)

Here we register the block my/block (I left out the other attributes here) and define a view script with the handle my-block-script. This function can be called outside of any hooks.

We now need to make sure our frontend script is registered as per usual:

 * Register frontend assets.
public function my_register_frontend_assets(): void {
	$file_path = plugin_dir_path( __FILE__ ) . 'assets/js/file.js';
	$file_url = plugin_dir_url( __FILE__ ) . 'assets/js/file.js';
	wp_register_script( 'my-block-script', $file_url, [], filemtime( $file_path ), true );

add_action( 'init', 'my_register_frontend_assets' );
Code language: PHP (php)

Since the view script is enqueued via wp_enqueue_scripts, make sure you register your script before that and see the magic happen. ✨

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